The main division is cold printing, where the paint is fixed by soaking into paper.While the 'hot' offset where the printed paper web passes through the drying tunnel. The classic offset (water) is associated with the use of water rollers and hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces, however, this method is already abandoned due to the difficulty in obtaining a good balance of water and oil paint. The successor of this method is anhydrous offset printing where silicone molds are used instead of water.
The task is easy and simple in theory, however, one small error of the DTP operator and the circulation of several thousand copies of newspapers can be thrown away.In this work, many things may go wrong: change of paper for another, new printer with other inks, incorrect conversion of colors.
All this can end very badly and bring big losses - so it's work under stress and tension, because if something goes wrong it usually will be just for the DTP operator.
Imagine that we buy a monitor and its input does not match our video card, even though it has the same type.That's why certain standards apply. In polygraphy and graphics, such standards also exist - appropriate definitions of CMYK colors - key for the appropriate color reproduction. Specified in advance formats for printing leaflets and business cards, so that they are comfortable and as uniform as possible. Without standards, even leaflets could be completely unreadable and even repulsive. .