There are a variety of common moldings: Astragal ? A semi-circular molding attached to one of a pair of especially fire doors to cover the air gap where the doors meet. Baguette ? Thin, half-round molding, smaller than an astragal, sometimes carved, and enriched with foliages, pearls, ribbands, laurels, etc.When enriched with ornaments, it was also called chapelet.2 Bandelet ? Any little band or flat molding, which crowns a Doric architrave.
It is also called a tenia (from Greek ?????? an article of clothing in the form of a ribbon.2 Baseboard, "base molding" or "skirting board" ? used to conceal the junction of an interior wall and floor, to protect the wall from impacts and to add decorative features.A "speed base" makes use of a base "cap molding" set on top of a plain 1" thick board, however there are hundreds of baseboard profiles. Baton ? see Torus Batten or board and batten ? a symmetrical molding that is placed across a joint where two parallel panels or boards meet Bead molding ? narrow, half-round convex molding, when repeated forms reeding Beading or bead ? molding in the form of a row of half spherical beads, larger than pearling Other forms: Bead and leaf, bead and reel, bead and spindle Beak ? Small fillet molding left on the edge of a larmier, which forms a canal, and makes a kind of pendant.2 See also: chin-beak Bed molding ? a narrow molding used at the junction of a wall and ceiling. Bed moldings can be either sprung or plain. Bolection ? a molding which is raised, projecting proud of the face frame. It is located at the intersection of the different surface levels between the frame and inset panel on a door or wood panel.
Chair rail ? horizontal molding placed part way up a wall to protect the surface from chair-backs, and used simply as decoration Chamfer ? bevelled edge connecting two adjacent surfaces Chin-beak ? Concave quarter-round molding.
This profile can be called ?classic? as well since most of houses have it already build into kitchens, fireplaces, furniture, door and windows headers, columns and so on.4 Corner guard ? Used to protect the edge of the wall at an outside corner, or to cover a joint on an inside corner. Cove molding or Coving ? a concave-profile molding that is used at the junction of an interior wall and ceiling Crown molding ? a wide, sprung molding that is used at the junction of an interior wall and ceiling.
General term for any molding at the top or "crowning" an architectural element. Cyma ? molding of double curvature, combining the convex ovolo and concave cavetto.When the concave part is uppermost, it is called a cyma recta but if the convex portion is at the top, it is called a Cyma reversa ? The crowning molding at the entablature is of the cyma form, it is called a cymatium. Dentils ? Small blocks spaced evenly along the bottom edge of the cornice Drip cap ? this is placed over a door or window opening to prevent water from flowing under the siding or across the glass Echinus ? Similar to the ovolo molding and found beneath the abacus of the Doric capital or decorated with the egg-and-dart pattern below the Ionic capital3 Egg-and-dart ? One of the most widely used classical moldings3 with egg shapes alternating with V-shapes and known from Ancient Greek temples (Erechtheion). Also: Egg and tongue, egg and anchor, egg and star Fillet ? small, flat band separating two surfaces, or between the flutes of a column Fluting ? Vertical, half-round grooves cut into the surface of a column in regular intervals, each separated by a flat astragal. This ornament was used for all but the Tuscan order Godroon or Gadroon ? Ornamental band with the appearance of beading or reeding, especially frequent in silverwork and molding.
It comes from the Latin word Guttus, meaning flask.It is said to be derived from raised work on linen, applied in France to varieties of the, bead and reel, in which the bead is often carved with ornament. In England the term is constantly used by auctioneers to describe the raised convex decorations under the bowl of stone or terracotta vases.
Part of revival styles in architecture since the Renaissance.3 Scotia ? Concave molding with a lower edge projecting beyond the top and so used at the base of columns as a transition between two torus moldings with different diameters3 Screen molding ? this is a small molding that is used to hide the area where a screen is attached to the frame. Shoe molding, toe molding or quarter-round ? often used at the bottom of the baseboard to cover a small gap or uneven edge between the flooring and the baseboard. Strapwork - Popular in England in 16th & 17th.centuries, used in plaster on ceilings,5 also sculpted in stone on exterior of buildings, e.g. around entrance doors.
In woodworking, a moulding plane (molding plane in US spelling) is a specialised plane used for making the complex shapes found in wooden mouldings.
1 Traditionally, moulding planes were blocks of wear resistant hardwood, often beech or maple, which were worked to the shape of the intended moulding.
The blade, or iron was likewise formed to the intended moulding profile and secured in the body of the plane with a wooden wedge.A traditional cabinetmakers shop might have many, perhaps hundreds, of moulding planes for the full range of work to be performed.
The late nineteenth century brought modern types which were all-metal affairs such as the American Stanley No.
55 Universal Plane2 and the English Record No.405 Multi-Plane with a wide variety of interchangeable cutters, integral fences, and "nickers", small cutting edges which score the grain fibers when working across the board.3 Large crown mouldings required planes of six or more inches in width, which demanded great strength to push and often had additional peg handles on the sides, allowing the craftsman's apprentice or other worker to pull the plane ahead of the master who guided it.4:132 Stanley No. 55 Universal plane with wide array of interchangeable cutters. While generally considered outdated, a modern furniture shop doing reproduction or restoration work might keep a collection of moulding planes to match original work, or to build in an authentic manner. The earliest known record of a moulding plane is a moulding plane iron of Roman origin unearthed in Cologne, Germany.4:116 In modern industry, the work of the moulding plane has been taken up by the electrically powered spindle moulder or wood shaper.
On a smaller scale, the hand-held or table-mounted electric router allows the use of interchangeable router bits of a wide variety of profiles and is readily available to the small business or home craftsperson.Źródło: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moulding_plane.